Location: His real name was actually Kausika which means ‘of the river Kausi’. The Kausi river is called the Kosi river nowadays. This is the same Kosi river that recently caused a flood in Bihar. So Viswamitra was of the Bihar-Nepal Region. View Larger Map
(There are some stories of a Kausika Muni in the Mahabharata eg the story of DharmaVyadha – I am not sure if this is the same Kausika)
Lineage : As per the Srimad Bhagavatham : SB 9.15.1: Urvasi and Pururava had six sons. Their names were Ayu, Srutayu, Satyayu, Raya, Vijaya and Jaya. SB 9.15.2-3: The son of Srutayu was Vasuman; the son of Satyayu, Srutanjaya; the son of Raya, Eka; the son of Jaya, Amita; and the son of Vijaya, Bhima. The son of Bhima was Kancana; the son of Kancana was Hotraka; and the son of Hotraka was Jahnu, who drank all the water of the Ganges in one sip. SB 9.15.4: The son of Jahnu was Puru, the son of Puru was Balaka, the son of Balaka was Ajaka, and the son of Ajaka was Kusa. Kusa had four sons, named Kusambu, Tanaya, Vasu and Kusanabha. The son of Kusambu was Gadhi.
Gadhi was the father of Viswamitra and Satyavati and the father-in-law of Rchika. So Viswamitra was called Gaadhi. Vaivaswatha Manu to Viswamitra : Srimad Bhagavatam
Clash with Vasistha : One day, he came by Vasishta‘s Asrama whille hunting. Vasishtha was a brahman rishi or Brahma Rishi from Dravida, who moved North after The Flood. His one hundred sons, including Sakthi (Parasara‘s father) were still in Dravida. Viswamitra was surprised to see a new Maharishi on his territory. When he went to visit, Vasishtha fed Viswamitra’s entire retinue. Viswamitra was curious about how Vasishta managed to do this. Then Vasishtha showed him Nandini, the daughter of Kamadhenu – the wish granting cow that came out at the time of The Churning of the Ocean.
Viswamitra badly wanted Nandini, but Vasishtha refused to give it to him. There was huge battle of physical kingly power against the magical – mysitical – spiritual – scientific – technological powers of the brahmana in many different ways. Viswamitra lost them all.
Tapas to become a Brahman – Rishi : Then he started to do Tapas – an intense meditation with a desire to acquire the same brahman power and status as Vasishtha.
Tapobhangam : The devas led by Indra decided to disturb his tapas and cause a tapobhangam or tapobhagnam. Indra asked Menaka, one of his beautiful Apsarasas (Water – Girls) to go and distract Viswamitra. Viswamitra was charmed by Menaka and they grew so affectionate that they had a baby girl. Then Viswamitra remembered his Tapas. And he had to start over again.
Viswamitra’s daughter Sakunthala: What happened to the baby girl? She was raised lovingly by Kanva Maharshi, who named her Sakuntala. She married a great king Dusyanta and she was the mother of Sarvadamana Bharata, the king who gave India her name of Bharat. So Viswamitra’s tapobhangam ended rather well for everyone else.
But Viswamitra was to start and stop his tapas on Siva and Brahma for many years, till he finally became a Brahmarishi or a rishi of the brahmans. It was then that Brahma gave him the title Viswamitra or friend of the world.
Training Sri Rama in the use of divine weapons.
Vasishtha trained Sri Rama as a young boy, and then Viswamitra took him away and taught him all the celestial weapons. Celestial weapons means divine weapons or the weapons of the Devas. He learned to use the weapons that each Deva used or ruled. He then, saluted all the Devas and asked them to ‘please leave now and come back when I need you’.
- Viswamitra is the author of the Gaythri Mantram.
- Viswamitra and the Trisanku Swarga : Astronomy.
- kaus’ikasUtra (of vis’wAmitra) explains the Vidhana for the atharva veda.
- Atharvan discovered the fire. Viswamitra Institutionalised it.
Viswamitra’s son Madhucchanda and his work:
- Viswamitra’s son Madhucchandas is the rishi for some Veda Mantras. Vyasa organized them in the RgVeda Samhita, Prathama Mandala, Prathama Adhyayah 1 vargah, first to sixth anuvakh.
- Madhucchanda’s mantras are mostly in Gayathri Chandas, and one of them is in Anushtup Chandas (of Valmiki).
- For most of these mantras, Indra is the devata. For some others, of these Agni (Energy), Vayu (Wind, Air), Indra-Vayu, Mitra-Varuna (Sun and Ocean/Water), *Ashwini, Viswe Devah (luminaries of the Universe), Saraswathi (River, Learning), and the Maruts (Winds) are the devatas.
- From this we might conclude that Madhucchanda, was more devoted to Indra, even though Indra distracted his father from Tapas.
- (* Ashwini Nakshatram The month of Ashwija (usually October in the Gregorian System) is named after Ashwini and at the full moon of Ashwija Moon is nearAshwini Nakshatra. If a single star has to be identified as representing Ashwini Nakshatra, Best candidate is 13 a Aries / SAO-75151/HD-12929/Hamal.)
Viswamitra’s adopted son Sunah Sepa and his work:
- Sunah Sepa was awarded to Viswamitra, as his son, because his life was saved by the teachings of Viswamitra. He was the rishi of the Veda Mantras that have been organised by Veda Vyasa into the RgVeda Samhita, Prathama Mandala, Prathama Adhyayah 1 vargah, Sixth Anuvakah.
- The Devatas are Kah (Means Who? refers to Prajapati here), Agnih, Savita, Bhaga, Varuna, Devah, Indra, Ulukhala, Ulukhalamusale, Hari, Soma, Ashwins, Usha.
- The metres used are Anushtup, Trishtup, Gayathri Chandah, Padani Shrut Gayathri, Panktih Chandas, with Gayathri as the favorite.
Per Suktha Details:
RgVeda Samhita, Prathama Mandala, Prathama Adhyayah 1 vargah,
- First Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Agnih Devata : Gayathri Chandah (Madhucchandah, the son of Viswamitra)
- Second Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Vayu, Indra-Vayu, MitraVaruna Devatah : Gayathri Chandah
- Third Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Aswini, Indra, Visve Devah, Saraswati, Devatah : Gayathri Chandah
- Fourth Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Indra : Gayathri Chandah
- Fifth Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Indra : Gayathri Chandah
- Sixth Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Indra, Marut, Indra : Gayathri Chandah
- Seventh Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Indra : Gayathri Chandah
- Eighth Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Indra : Gayathri Chandah
- Ninth Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Indra : Gayathri Chandah
- Tenth Suktham : Vaisvamitro Madhucchandah Rshih : Indra : Anusthup Chandah
- Twenty Fourth Suktham : Ajigartih Sunah Sepah (sah krutrimo vaisvamitroh devaratah) Rshih : Kah (Means Who? refers to Prajapati here), Agnih, Savita, Bhaga, Varuna Devatah : Trishtup, Gayathri Chandah (S’unah S’epah was the genetic son of Ajigarta and the adopted son and student of Viswamitra)
- Twenty Fifth Suktham : Ajigartih Sunah Sepah (sah krutrimo vaisvamitroh devaratah) Rshih : Varuna Devatah : Gayathri Chandah
- Twenty Sixth Suktham : Ajigartih Sunah Sepah (sah krutrimo vaisvamitroh devaratah) Rshih : Agni Devatah : Gayathri Chandah
- Twenty Seventh Suktham : Ajigartih Sunah Sepah (sah krutrimo vaisvamitroh devaratah) Rshih : Agni, Devah, Devatah : Trishtup, Gayathri Chandah
- Twenty Eight Suktham : Ajigartih Sunah Sepah (sah krutrimo vaisvamitroh devaratah) Rshih : Indra, Ulukhala, Ulukhalamusale, Prajapati, Indra, Hari, Soma Devatah : Anushtup, Gayathri Chandah
- Twenty Ninth Suktham : Ajigartih Sunah Sepah (sah krutrimo vaisvamitroh devaratah) Rshih : Indra Devatah : Panktih Chandah
- Thirtieth Suktham : Ajigartih Sunah Sepah (sah krutrimo vaisvamitroh devaratah) Rshih : Indra, Ashwinou, Usha : Gayathri, Padani Shrut Gayathri, Trishtup
Information To verify:
- Madhavi, the daughter of Yayati was the wife of Viswamitra and the mother of 3 lines of kings.
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