Bhrgu (Bhrigu, Bhrugu)

Bhrigu is also called Kavi.

Bhrgu’s lineage:

  • Bhrgu was the son of Brahma. (Mahabharata, Pauloma Parva). (And thus a grandson of Vishnu).
  • In the Sambhava Parva of the Mahabharata, it is written that Bhrgu was born from Brahma’s chest and that his sons were Sukra and Cyavana.

Bhrgu descendants: Bhargavas:

  • Sukra was the son of Bhrgu’s wife Usha, the daughter of the daitya Hiranyakasipu. Sukra’s daughter Devayani married Yayati. Yadu was her son and Sri Krishna’s ancestor. (Thus both Vishnu and Hiranyakasipu were ancestors of Sri Krishna).
  • Indra’s daughter Jayanti was married to Bhrgu’s son Sukracharya (who also called Kavya). (Devi Bhagavatham)
  • Cyavana was the daughter of his wife Puloma. Cyavana also told Satrughna how a Ikshavaku by name Yuvansva (Mandhata) was killed by Lavana with his sula.
  • Cyavana  married Sukanya.  Sukanya was Anarta’s sister. Rchka was the son of Cyavana. (Mahabharata). Cyavana had a wife called Arushi, the daughter of Manu who was the mother of Aurva. Aurva’s son was Rchka (Richika, husband of Satyavati – Viswamitra’s sister). Rchka’s son was Jamadagni and Jamadagni’s youngest son was Parasurama. Parasurama had 3 older brothers.
  • Jamadagni’s grandfather Aurva had a 100 sons, of which the eldest was also called Jamadagni.
  • Dhata and Vidhata were the sons of his wife Khyati.
  • Mrkandu was the son of Dhata and Mrkandu’s son was Markandeya.
  • Bhrugu’s daughter Sri was married to Vishnu.
  • Chanakya was also a Bhargava.
  • Valmiki is also referred to as Bhargava in the Uttarakanda of the Valmiki Ramayanam

Bhrgu Contemporaries :

  • Bhrgu’s wife Pauloma was the mother of their son Cyavana.
  • Cyavana  married Sukanya.  Sukanya was Anarta’s sister.
  • Anarta was Raivata Kakudmin’s grandfather. Cyavana’s father-in-law, ie Sukanya’s  father was Saryati, and his father was Vaivaswatha Manu. Saryati and Ikshvaku were brothers.
  • That makes Saryati and Bhrgu: sambandhis or viyankulu.. (people whose children are married to each other.)
  • Daksha, was another son of Brahma was therefore a brother of Bhrgu.

Bhrgu and Bharadwaja had discussions on many subjects. (Mahabharata).

Bhrgu’s work :

  1. Bhrgu Samhita is considered a compilation of predictive astrological results for thousands of graha combinations. Bhrugu is the first such compiler for predictive astrology. Ganesha helped him in this compilation. However if you look at the excerpts below, it shows that Bhrat Samhita contains Medical Knowledge.
  2. Bhrgu Sutras is a set of rules to follow in interpreting horoscopes.
  3. The Manusmrti is actually told to us through Bhrgu. It is clear on Brahmin superiority and very rigid in its rules related to governance and society. It helps us understand the view of Parasurama.

Excerpts from Bhrgu Samhita on Medicine : Quoted from : http://www.iisc.ernet.in/currsci/oct102001/735.pdf
“But what interested me more in Bhrigu-Samhita were the remarkable medical descriptions in Sanskrit, on the circulation of blood, cancer, embolism, etc. I have cited some of these excerpts from the manuscript below:
· ‘The windpipe must be healthy for the movement of pure and impure air to and fro from the lungs. The lungs, in turn, supply the heart with the purified blood. Then the heart circulates the blood to the entire body rather rapidly.’ It is quite a statement in an old Sanskrit manuscript (Bhrigu R II/6: 8–9) (circa 3000 B.C. – Bhrigu Rishi). · ‘If at times, due to whatever reasons, impure blood, a blood clot, or a piece of fat were to move into the heart, during circulation, this can jeopardize the heart.’ (Bhrigu R II/7: 5–6) · ‘The germ can also move into the bones or the seat of the heart. The disease is called by the name – Kshaya Roga – The germs are so virulent that via breath a rapid spread can occur from one person to another.’ (Bhrigu R III/20: 5–7) · ‘At times even the heart will be replaced. Such devices exist in India . . . Indian scientists of a high  calibre will one day replace even liver or spleen, in future.’ (Bhrigu R II/10: 1–4) · ‘Occasionally, diabetics would benefit especially from treatment that is carried out after proper urine examination. There can be help in other diseases too by a careful urine examination.’ (Bhrigu R IV/31: 6–8)

There is an urgent need to salvage  many of our ancient manuscripts of medicine, astrology, philosophy, etc. We must conduct 14C-dating to determine the period of the palm-leaf and other manuscripts. But the time has come to look seriously at our heritage in sciences and humanities, without any ancestral vain-glory or an outright rejection because, something does not fit into the western reductionist world-view. ASHOK D. B. VAIDYA Bhavan’s S.P.A.R.C, 13th North South Road, JVPD, Juhu,  Mumbai 400 049, India  e-mail: avaidya@bom5.vsnl.net.in”

A popular story :

(This  story is different from the SivaMahaPuranam version). Bhrgu has a third eye in his foot. This allows him to visit and annoy the Trimurthis in turn. Brahma who is absorbed in the divine Veena of his Sakthi – Saraswathi, pays no attention to him and is cursed with no worship on earth. Siva who is absorbed in the dance of creation with his Sakthi – Parvathi is cursed to be never worsipped in murthi form and only in Linga form.  Sri Vishnu is in deep contemplation as his Sakthi – Lakshmi Devi presses his feet. Bhrgu plants a kick on Vishnu’s chest (Vakshasthala). Vishnu starts commiserating with Bhrgu and presses his feet as he puts out the third eye in the foot and removes all the powers that Bhrgu ever acquired. An impatient and annoyed Lakshmi leaves Vishnu… and that is the beginning of one of the stories of the wonderful Sri Venkateswara.

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

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