Magadha has played an important role in Indian history. To the extent that some historians even talk as if the history of Magadha is the history of India. Today we know Magadha as Bihar and Jharkhand. In this page I want to collect the history of Bihar.
- Sita Devi was called Mythili because she was from Mithila. Mithila (Videha) is in modern northern Bihar.There is also an indication that Magadha (Southern Bihar: Jharkand) was once ruled by powerful Nagas.
- In Sri Krishna’s time, Jarasandha, the king of Magadha (southern BiharJharkand), repeatedly attacked Mathura till the Yadavas moved to Dwaraka. Jarsasandha was the father-in-law of Kamsa, Sri Krishna’s evil maternal uncle.
- Jarasandha’s father was Brhadratha, mother a princess of Kasi and his son was Sahadeva. Sahadeva was made the king of Magadha after his father Jarasandha was killed by Bheema. There is also an indication that the youngest Pandava Sahadeva married Jarasandha’s grand-daughter. Jarasandha’s grandson was Meghasandhi.
What happened after Meghasandhi? Let us look at the Bhagavatam and not worry about references to ‘low-classes’ or to ‘future’ etc. Just look at the history bits and not the ‘judgemental’ bits.
- “Purañjaya, who will take birth as the descendant of Bṛhadratha. Purañjaya‘s minister Śunaka will assassinate the king and install his own son, Pradyota, on the throne.
- The son of Pradyota will be Pālaka, his son will be Viśākhayūpa, and his son will be Rājaka. The son of Rājaka will be Nandivardhana, and thus in the Pradyotana dynasty there will be five kings, who will enjoy the earth for 138 years.
- Nandivardhana will have a son named Śiśunāga, and his son will be known as Kākavarṇa. The son of Kākavarṇa will be Kṣemadharmā, and the son of Kṣemadharmā will be Kṣetrajña. The son of Kṣetrajña will be *Vidhisāra, and his son will be Ajātaśatru. Ajātaśatru will have a son named Darbhaka, and his son will be Ajaya. Ajaya will father a second Nandivardhana, whose son will be Mahānandi. These ten kings of the Śiśunāga dynasty will rule the earth for a total of 360 years during the age of Kali.
- King Mahānandi will father a very powerful son in the womb of a śūdra woman. He will be known as Nanda and will be the master of millions of soldiers and fabulous wealth. He will wreak havoc among the kṣatriyas, and from that time onward virtually all kings will be śūdras.That lord of Mahāpadma, King Nanda, will rule over the entire earth just like a second Paraśurāma, and no one will challenge his authority. He will have eight sons, headed by Sumālya, who will control the earth as powerful kings for 100 years.
- A certain brāhmaṇa [Cāṇakya] will betray the trust of King Nanda and his eight sons and will destroy their dynasty. In their absence the Mauryas will rule the world as the age of Kali continues.
- This brāhmaṇa will enthrone Candragupta, whose son will be named Vārisāra. The son of Vārisāra ( Bindusara?) will be Aśokavardhana. Aśokavardhana will be followed by Suyaśā, whose son will be Sańgata. His son will be Śāliśūka, Śāliśūka’s son will be Somaśarmā, andSomaśarmā‘s son will be Śatadhanvā. His son will be known as Brhadratha. These ten Maurya kings will rule the earth for 137 years of the Kali–yuga.
- Agnimitra will follow as king, and then Sujyeṣṭha. Sujyeṣṭha will be followed by Vasumitra, Bhadraka, and the son of Bhadraka, Pulinda. Then the son of Pulinda, named Ghoṣa, will rule, followed by Vajramitra, Bhāgavata and Devabhūti. In this way ten Śuńga kings will rule over the earth for more than 100 years.
- Then the earth will come under the subjugation of the kings of the Kāṇva dynasty, who will manifest very few good qualities. Vasudeva, an intelligent minister coming from the Kāṇva family, will kill the last of the Śuńga kings, a lusty debauchee named Devabhūti, and assume rulership himself. The son of Vasudeva will be Bhūmitra, and his son will be Nārāyaṇa. These kings of the Kāṇva dynasty will rule the earth for 345 more years of the Kali–yuga.
- The last of the Kāṇvas, Suśarmā, will be murdered by his own servant, Balī a śūdra of the Andhra race. This most MahārājaBalī will have control over the earth for some time. The brother of Balī, named Kṛṣṇa, will become the next ruler of the earth. His son will be Śāntakarṇa, and his son will be Paurṇamāsa. The son of Paurṇamāsa will be Lambodara, who will father Mahārāja Cibilaka. From Cibilaka will come Meghasvāti, whose son will be Aṭamāna. The son of Aṭamāna will be Aniṣṭakarmā. His son will be Hāleya, and his son will be Talaka. The son of Talaka will be Purīṣabhīru, and following him Sunandana will become king. Sunandana will be followed by Cakora and the eight Bahus, among whom Śivasvāti will be a great subduer of enemies. The son of Śivasvāti will be Gomatī. His son will be Purīmān, whose son will be Medaśirā. His son will be Śivaskanda, and his son will be Yajñaśrī. The son of Yajñaśrī will be Vijaya, who will have two sons, Candravijña and Lomadhi. These thirty kings will enjoy sovereignty over the earth for a total of 456 years.
- Then will follow seven kings of the Ābhīra race from the city of Avabhṛti, and then ten Gardabhīs. After them, sixteen kings of the Kańkas will rule and will be known for their excessive greed. Eight Yavanas will then take power, followed by fourteen Turuṣkas, ten Guruṇḍas and eleven kings of the Maula dynasty. These Ābhīras, Gardabhīs and Kańkas will enjoy the earth for 1,099 years, and the Maulas will rule for 300 years.
- When all of them have died off there will appear in the city of Kilakilā a dynasty of kings consisting of Bhūtananda, Vańgiri, Śiśunandi, Śiśunandi’s brother Yaśonandi, and Pravīraka. These kings of Kilakilā will hold sway for a total of 106 years. (The total from Pradyotana kings to Kilakila kings above is 3441 years.)
- The Kilakilās will be followed by their thirteen sons, the Bāhlikas, and after them King Puṣpamitra, his son Durmitra, seven Andhras, seven Kauśalas and also kings of the Vidūra and Niṣadha provinces will separately rule in different parts of the world. There will then appear a king of the Māgadhas named Viśvasphūrji, who will be like another Purañjaya. He will turn all the civilized classes into low-class, uncivilized men.
This list stops with : The Foolish King Viśvasphūrji who will maintain all the citizens in ungodliness and will use his power to completely disrupt the kṣatriya order. From his capital of Padmavatī he will rule that part of the earth extending from the source of the Gańgā to Prayāga. At that time the brāhmaṇas of such provinces as Śaurāṣṭra, Avantī, Ābhīra, Śūra, Arbuda and Mālava will forget all their regulative principles, and the members of the royal order in these places will become like śūdras. The land along the Sindhu River, as well as the districts of Candrabhāgā, Kauntī and Kāśmīra, will be ruled by śūdras, fallen brāhmaṇas and meat-eaters. Having given up the path of Vedic civilization, they will have lost all spiritual strength. There will be many such uncivilized kings ruling at the same time and they will all be uncharitable, possessed of fierce tempers, and great devotees of irreligion and falsity. These barbarians in the guise of kings will devour the citizenry, murdering innocent women, children, cows and brāhmaṇas and coveting the wives and property of other men. They will be erratic in their moods, have little strength of character and be very short-lived. Indeed, not purified by any Vedic rituals and lacking in the practice of regulative principles, they will be completely covered by the modes of passion and ignorance. ”
If Vidhisara is Bimbisara, then Gautama Buddha lived at the time of the Sisunaga Kings.
- Vidhisara – Buddha
- MahaPadma Nanda (1110 Kaliyuga (1992 BC) as per Varahamihira statment of 1050 yrs b/w him and Parikshit).
Very Tentative Calculation : Giving each Sisunaga king 36 years (360/10) on an average, Ajatasatru to Mahanandi take 144 years. This puts about 144 years (= 4*36) between Mahapadma Nanda and Buddha, bringing Gautama Buddha to approx 2136 BC, assuming that Kaliyuga started in 3102 BC. If Kaliyuga start point shifts, Buddha’s date will be roughly 1000 years after that. ~~Buddha’s birth a 1000 years after Sri Krishna’s death, if Vidhisara=Bimbisara.