Aryans to Asoka (Bhavishya Purana)

Caution: This research is in progress. Please Be Careful Before You Quote : Satya Sarada Kandula

Tracking the Word Arya : The story so far :

It was always my impression that Kalidasa was among the first to use the word anArya. See Anarya! Dushyantha, Sri Rama, Sri Krishna. Then I found the word arya meaning compassionate in the Rg Veda. See The word arya in the Rg Veda : RV_04.026.02.1 : Gautamo Vamadeva Rshi. I also realised that arya and Arya (aarya) were 2 different words. Based on the records of the Bhavishya  Purana and based on the way in which the meaning of the word dora changed in telugu from master to white man to foreigner I proposed that  The word arya in the Veda, did not refer to “Indo European – Aryans”. Then I found that Both the words arya and aarya (Arya) are used in Rig Veda, 10th Mandala, 86th Suktham, and the RSi is no less than Indra himself.  It does appear at first glance thatthere were Aryans at the time of this mantra of the Rg Veda and that Indra favoured them over the dAsAs. In the Athava Veda of the mantras refers to young aryaman, with locks on his forehead, as someone who helps young men and women find the right match. (See : Atharva Veda : The First Veda : The Brahma Veda : atharvan, angIrA and brahmA were among the rishis.). In the Bhagavad Gita the word anAryam is used in the same sense as akIrthikaram etc to describe a weak state of mind. See The word “Anaryam” used in Bhagavad Gita (Mahabharata)

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Reference Bhavishya Purana.

Please note that Kasyapa Muni mentioned below is NOT the Kasyapa of Aditi Kasyapa.

  • After 1000 years of  Kaliyuga Kasyapa Muni and Aryavati came to India (earth). They worshipped Saraswathi of Kashmir and had her blessings. (If Kaliyuga began in 3100 BC this event took place in 2000 BC.)
  • Their sons were Upadhayaya, Diksita, Pathaka, Sukla, Misra, Agnihotri, Dvi-vedi, Tri-vedi, Catur-vedi and Pandey.
  • Then the sage went to the desa known as Misra (Misra literally means mixed) and put all the mlecchas (foreigners) into illusion.
  • He made 10,000 people as dvijas (brahmanas), 2,000 people into vaishyas; and the rest of them as shudras.
  • He came back with them and staying in Arya-desha he engaged in the activites of the rishis. (They learnt the Vedas etc)
  • They were known as Aryans and their generation gradually increased upto 4 million, both the men and women with their sons and grandsons.
  • Their king, Kasyapa muni, ruled the earth for 120 years.
  • There were 8,000 sudras in the county known as Rajputra (Rajput?) and their king was Arya-Prithu.
  • Arya-Prithu’s son was King Magadha.
  • Magadha’s son was Sisunaga. (Interestingly Sisu means child and – Naga means snake. Sisunaga was born with Balabhadra’s grace. Balabhadra is one of the names of Balarama who is considered the incarnation of Sesha-Naga) 
  • Descendants: Kakavarma, Kshemadharma, Vedamisra, Ajata-ripu (or Ajatasatru. Ripu = Satru = enemy), Darbhaka, Udayasva, Nanda-Vardhana –
  • Nanda-suta, Pranancala, Parananda, Samananda, Priyananda, Devananda, Yajna-bhanga, Mauryananda, Mahananda – the 9 Nandas
  • Gautama Kaasyapa, introduced Buddhism in 1790 kaliyuga. (If Kaliyuga is 3100 BCE, then this is 1310 BCE. The Tibetan Buddhist tradition places Gauthama Buddha in 19th century BCE.. to research.)
  • Descendants: Shakya Muni, Suddhodana, Sakyasimha, Buddha Simha, Chandragupta (who married the daughter of Suluva the Yavana king of Pausasa), Bindusara, Asoka.

Thus, as per the reference above Chandragupta, Bindusara and Asoka are descendants of Gautama Kaasyapa who founded Buddhism. Kasyapa-Aryavati appear to be the first Aryan Settlers, who came to Arya Desa by 2000 BCE with the blessings of Saraswathi Devi. These are not of the same stock of the Yadavas, Ikshvakus and other indigenous older dynasties.

Reference 2 Srimad Bhagavatam

  • Nandivardhana was the father of Sisunaga and the last of the Pradyotanas. (The account before Sisunaga differs from the Bhavishya Puranam)
  • Sisunaga Descendants : Kākavarṇa,  Kṣemadharmā, Kṣetrajña ,Vidhisāra, Ajātaśatru, Darbhaka,  Ajaya, Nandivardhana, Mahānandi (also known as Mahapadma Nanda), father of 8 nandas (the oldest being Sumalya).
  • “A certain brāhmaṇa [Cāṇakya] will betray the trust of King Nanda and his eight sons and will destroy their dynasty.  In their absence the Mauryas will rule the world as the age of Kali continues.
  • This brāhmaṇa will enthrone Candragupta, whose son will be named Vārisāra. The son of Vārisāra ( Bindusara?) will be Aśokavardhana.”

There is a sufficient match with respect to the Sisunaga dynasty. Though there is an apparent mismatch in the Ancestry of Sisunaga. Bhagavatham clearly gives Chanakya (the brahmana) as a contemporary of the Nandas and the Mauryas. There are totally 9 Nandas in both accounts, the name of the eldest does not appear to match. Again the name of Asoka’s father is given as Bindusara in the Bhavishya Purana and as Varisara in the Bhagavatham.

It does appear as if Gautama Kaasyapa Buddha and Chanakya lived very close to each other’s times, even if they were not exact contemporaries. I have to see whether either of them ever referred to each other, since both of them were concerned with Magadha.

If Chandragupta Maurya of the Bhagavatam is the same as Chandragupta Kaasyapa of the Bhavishya Purana, and if Sandrokottus is the same as Chandragupta Maurya, and if Sandrokottus was about 300 BC, then Kaliyuga start date will have to be approx 2100 BCE. Then Kasyapa-Aryavati  (Aryans) would have come to India in 1100 BCE.

In the Kautilya Arthasastra, Chanakya mentions, the fall of Ravana, Bhoja, Vatapi (at the hands of Agastya) and so on and the reasons for their respective falls.

See Also :

Caution: This research is in progress. Please Be Careful Before You Quote : Other Puranas and Sources are yet to be studied : All Rights Reserved:  Satya Sarada Kandula