Trimurti

The narasimha purANam : is a vaiSNava purAnam that tells us that the brahman (also known as parabrahman) and viSNu are one and that viSNu placed himself in the centre of the brahmAnDa as himself. It explains how brahma (the creator) emerged from a lotus that emerged from vishnu’s navel and how rudra emerged from brahma’s anger.

You can read about it all that here : (specially in 1.3, 1.4 and 3.1).

narasimha purANam (Links to previous posts)

The s’iva mahApurAnam : discusses s’RSTi in Siva Mahapuranam Vidyeswara Samhitam 3rd Adhyayam:

Brahma said, “That which words and mind cannot reach,  which is earlier to Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra and Indra, from which all this, with all the beings (bhuta) and senses (indriya) first  emerges.

That Deva is MahaDeva (the Great God), the knower of all, the master of the universe. He is seen only by extreme devotion and by nothing else. Rudra, Hari and others like the Suresvara (the lord of the Devas – Indra), are always eager to see him with the extreme devotion.”

The s’iva purAnam talks of caturmUrtI – Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra and Indra. In this context s’iva is the (para)brahman.

250px-Trimurti

See also : Parabrahma

The following description of the Trimurthi is from the Narada Purana. The Narada Purana was first told to Sanatkumara (a son of Brahma and a devotee of Vishnu) by the Devarshi Narada (also a son of Brahma and a devotee of Vishnu). This Purana was later told by Vyasa’s student Suta to Saunaka and other rishis in the Naimisharanya (near Lucknow).

Quoted from http://www.astrojyoti.com/naradapurana.htm

Prior to creation, there was the great godhead (mahavishnu) which was everywhere. When the time for creation drew near, the godhead expanded himself into three forms. Brahma was created from the right side of the godhead and Brahma’s appointed task was creation. Shiva was created from the centre of the godhead and his job was destruction. Vishnu was created from the left side of the godhead. Vishnu was assigned the task of preservation.
The female counterpart or principle of the godhead is referred to as Shakti. Shati divides herself into two, vidya (knowledge) and avidya (ignorance). Knowledge means an appreciation of the identity between the brahman and the universe. Ignorance is the absence of such an appreciation and it is ignorance that is responsible for the miseries of the world. Shakti herself is referred to by various names. When she is identified with Vishnu, she is known as Lakshmi; when associated with Shiva, she is called Uma or Parvati; and when in conjunction with Brahma, she is known as Sarasvati. But they are really one and the same, manifestations of the same force.
Brahma and Sarasvati are thus together responsible for creation (srishti), Vishnu and Lakshmi are responsible for preservation (sthiti), and Shiva and Parvati are responsible for destruction (laya). The unified Shakti is sometimes also called Mahamaya or Prakriti.

The common tv-movie-based view : 

The Brahmana Rishis worshipped the Devas. Did the Devas worship anyone?

It is commonly said that the Devas worshipped Brahma, Vishnu and Siva.

And that the  Asuras worshipped Siva and Brahma.

The Asuras worshipped Siva and Brahma by Tapas or penance. That means they would stand in a Yogic Asana, and stop even eating, drinking and sleeping and meditate on Siva or Brahma, generally using a mantra. Tapas generates heat in the head. Some times it generates so much heat that creation is threatened. Then the Devas ask Brahma to intervene and give the Asuras what they want. Vyasa tells us that sometimes the Devas would first try to distract the people who were doing Tapas and cause a Tapobhanga or Tapobhagnam – breaking the Tapas. Just as the Asuras would try and destroy the Yajnyas of the brahmans – Yajnyanasanam.

The Devas would just run to Vishnu or Siva and Brahma and just ask for what they wanted. Just asking is called Prarthana or Prayer.  Often they would honour Vishnu or Siva and Brahma  with praise before asking for favours. This is called stotra or stuti. The devas believed that it was right to honour Vishnu or Siva and Brahma before asking. Sometimes the Devas would just take refuge in Vishnu or Siva and Brahma and say ‘please save us’. And that was enough. This was Saranagata and the word used was Pahi Mam which means Rescue Me.

Vishnu is called the Saranagata vatsala. He treats, as children, those who take refuge in him. He protects them.

The brahmans liked Vishnu. He was easy to worship. Kanva Maharshi has written some Vedic hymns to Vishnu. Vyasa preserved these in the Rig Veda, the first of the four divisions of The Veda.

Brahma, Vishnu and Siva are called the Trimurthi or Trinity together.

Copyright Notice: All rights reserved – Satya Sarada Kandula.

Advertisements