Thyagaraja

 

Thyagaraja Swami : Artist : Sankaranarayana Sattiraju : Shankarair@gmail.com : All Rights Reserved

Thyagaraja said, “Sangeetha Gnyanamu, Bhakthi vina, Sanmargamu kalade”? Can the knowledge of music, find the right path without devotion? He wrote so many wonderful songs, that it is impossible for me to even praise them adequately. He is a father of Carnatic Music.

Just as Vyasa felt there was no need to tell Rama’s story in detail, because the Ramayanam was already written so well, I feel there is no need for me to write about Thyararaja Swami in detail because others have done amazing amount of good work. I will provide excerpts and links.

In this page you will find.

Biography : (Courtesy: Sources)

Sri Thyagaraja was born on 4th May 1767. He belonged to Bharadwaja gotra and Kakarla Vamsha. His great grandfather Panchanadabrahmam had 5 sons, one of whom was Girirajabrahmam. Girirajabrahmam also had five sons. The fifth one was Ramabrahmam, who had three sons. The eldest was Panchapakesan, named after the presiding deity at Tiruvaiyyaru. Second son was Ramanthan. He died very young. Thyagaraja was the third son and was born in Tiruvarur. It is said that before his birth, both his parents had an identical dream about a son being born who would be an amsha of Narada, Valmiki and Sharada and who would go on to become an expert in sangItam and sAhitya. They also were told in the dream that they should name him after the deity of Tiruvarur i.e., Thyagaraja. It is said that a serious ailment struck Thyagaraja when he was five. At that time a sanyasi visited them and assured his parents of his recovery and of his becoming as famous as Purandaradasa and Jayadeva.

Thyagaraja is said to have studied Telugu and Sanskrit from his father and Purandaradasa and Vijayagopala songs from his mother. His maternal grandfather was Veena Kalahasti Iyer, a samasthana vidwan at Tanjore court. Sri Thyagaraja learnt classical music and veena from Sonti Venkataramana Das. Tulaja II invited Ramabrahmam to give exposition on Valmiki Ramayanam during the Ramanavami festival. Young Thyagaraja used to read the shlokas from Valmiki Ramayanam while his father used to give the exposition. Thus Thyagaraja imbibed all that was being narrated by his father about Valmiki Ramayanam at a very young age itself.

Sri Ramakrishnananda, a friend of Thyagaraja’s father, gave him updaesha on the shaDAkshari mantra. (Dr. Prameela said that after wondering what could be the shaDAkshari mantra, it dawned on her that it should have been “namO rAghavAya“. Sri Thyagaraja had composed his first song “namO namO rAghavAya” in dEsya tODi using this shaDAkshari mantra). Thyagaraja received the tAraka mantra upadEsha from his father. He also got an idol of Lord Rama from his father, which he worshipped daily.

Sri Thyagaraja never had Shiva-Vaishnava bheda. He coined the name rAmA by taking rA from Om namO nArAyaNA and mA from oM nama shivAya (in the kriti evarani in dEvAmrutavarshani). Though his ishTa dEvatA was Lord Rama, he has mentioned Lord Shiva in many of his kritis.

If one has to know Thyagaraja, one has to go deep into his compositions. One can understand his personality and his mind by reading the text of the songs and understanding their meaning.

Sri Thyagaraja was a trend setter in the use of simple words for his compositions, which is probably why we compare his compositions to “drAkSa rasa” – we can immediately feel the taste, the moment we put a drAkSa (grape) in our mouth.

The Svararnava

Thyaaraja is believed to have had access to many works on music very early in his life, such as Sangita RatnakaraNaradiyam, a work dealing with 72 mELAs and Svararnava. It is said that one day when Sri Thyagaraja was doing some puja in his house, a saint came by. Thyagaraja wanted to give him a sumptuous lunch. The saint said he will leave his belongings at Thyagaraja’s house and go to the Cauvery to have a bath. The saint never returned in person but came that night in Thyagaraja’s dream as the sage Narada, instructing Thyagaraja to open the belongings left behind and use the rare manuscripts present inside. This was how Sri Thyagaraja came to possess important works like the Svararnava.

Thyagaraja refers to the Svararnava saying Shiva, the Lord of Kailash, narrated the secrets of Svararnava to Devi Parvati and that these were revealed to Thyagaraja. In one of the caraNams in svara rAga sudhA (shankarAbharaNam), he says “rajata girIshuDu nagajaku delpu svarArNava marmamulu vijayamu gala tyAgarAjuDErugE vishvAsinci delusukO O manasA“. The Svararnava is said to have vanished after Thyagaraja attained siddhi.

Svararnava is said to have been a broad palm leaf manuscript written in grantha characters. It is said that Thyagaraja got Svararnava through divine association. Thyagaraja preserved it in his puja room and only he had access to it. Occasionally, he read certain portions from it to some of his close disciples, who memorized some shlokAs of the Svararnava. It is said that one of his students named Singaracharyulu published some of these shlOkAs in his book Gayakalochana, without disclosing the source. A section of Svararnava was titled Svara Raga Sudha Grantha. May be Thyagaraja got inspired by this and composed the shankarAbharaNam kriti “svara rAga sudhA“.

Svararnava also contained concepts like the production of Ahata (sound produced by human effort) and anAhata (sound emanating from within; can be heard only by those who have attained a high state of the mind through sAdhanA) nAdams. In many of his compositions, Thyagaraja gives references to the 7 notes and to how different sounds are produced in different parts of the body. In a section called rAga vivEkA, one finds ragas like jayantashrIkuntalavarALisArangakApimAlini makarandam etc. In addition to arOhaNa and avarOhaNa, brief sancArAs were given for many ragas. These ragas were presented in the order of the mELAs.”

Meaning of Nagumomu explained by Dr. M. Bala Murali Krishna

List of Kirthanas:(Sources)

His kritis, raga and in which tala is given,

Ada Modi Galada,Charukesi,Adi

 

Adaya Sri Raghuvara,Ahiri,Adi : MP3

Adi Kadu Bhajana,Yadukalakambhoji,Adi

Adigi Sukhamu,Madhyamavati,Rupaka

Adugu Varamula,Arabhi,Chapu

Alakalalla Lada,Madhyamavati,Rupaka

Amba Ninnu,Arabhi,Adi

Amma Dharma Samvardhani,Atana,Adi

Amma Ravamma,Kalyani,Jhampa

Ananda Sagara,Garudadhvani,Adi

Anandamanandamayenu,Bhairavi,Adi

Anathudanu Ganu,Jingla,Adi

Andundakane,Pantuvarali,Triputa

Anupama Gunambudhi,Atana,Jhampa

Anuragamu Leni,Saraswati,Rupaka

Anyayamu Seyakura,Kapi,Adi

Aparadhamula,Darbar,Jhampa

Aparadhamulanu,Vanavali,Adi

Appa Ramabhakti,Pantuvarali,Rupaka

Aragimpave,Todi,Rupaka

Atade Dhanyudura,Kapi,Chapu

Atta Balukadu,Atana,Adi

Atukaradani Palka,Manoranjani,Adi

Badalika Dira,Ritigowla,Adi

Bagayanayya,Chandrajyoti,Adi

Balamu Kulamu,Saveri,Rupaka

Bale Balendu Bhushani,Ritigowla,Adi

Bantu Riti,Hamsanadam,Adi (Video) (Vocal by TN Seshagopalan)

Bhajana Parula Kela,Surati,Rupaka

Bhajana Seya Rada,Atana,Rupaka

Bhajana Seyave,Kalyani,Rupaka

Bhajare Raghuveeram,Kalyani,Adi

Bhakti Biccha Miyyave,Sankarabharanam,Rupaka

Bhaktuni Charitramu,Begada,Adi

Bhavanuta,Mohanam,Adi

Bhavasannutha,Varali,Adi

Bhuvini Dasudane,Sri Ranjani,Adi

Brochuvarevare,Sri Ranjani,Adi

Brovabharama,Bahudari,Adi

Buddhi Radu,Sankarabharanam,Chapu

Chakkani Rajamargamu,Kharaharapriya,Adi

Chala Kallaladu,Arabhi,Adi

Chalamelara,Margahindolam,Adi

Challaga Nato,Vegavahini,Adi

Chani Toditeve,Harikambhoji,Adi

Chede Buddhi,Atana,Adi

Chelimini Jalajakshu,Yadukulakambhoji,Adi

Chentane Sada,Kuntalavarali,Adi

Chera Ravademira,Ritigowla,Adi

Chesinadella,Todi,Adi

Chetulara,Kharaharapriya,Adi

Chinna Nade Na,Kalanidhi,Adi

Chintistunnade,Mukhari,Adi

Chutamu Rare,Arabhi,Rupaka

Dachuko Valena,Todi,Jhampa

Dandamu Bettedanura,Balahamsa,Adi

Daridapuleka,Saveri,Adi

Darini Telusukonti,Suddhasaveri,Adi

Darsannamu Seya,Narayanagowla,Jhampa

Dasaratha Nandana,Asaveri,Adi

Dasarathi Ni Runamu,Todi,Adi

Daya Juchutakidi Velara,Ganavaridhi,Adi

Daya Rani Daya Rani,Mohanam,Adi

Daya Seyavayya,Yadukulakambhoji,Adi

Dayaleni Bradukemi,Nayaki,Jhampa

Dehi Tava Pada,Sahana,Adi

Deva Sritapastirtha,Madhyamavati,Triputa

Devadi Deva Sadasiva,Sindhunamakriya,Adi

Devi Sri Tulasamma,Mayamalava Gowla,Adi

Dharanu Ni Saridaivamu,Varali,Adi

Dharmatma,Kedara Gowla,Jhampa

Dhyaname Varamaina,Dhanyasi,Adi

Dinamani Vamsa,Harikambhoji,Adi

Dorakuna,Bilahari,Adi

Dudukugala,Gowla,Adi

Durmargachara,Ranjani,Rupaka

Dvaitamu Sukhama,Ritigowla,Adi

E Papamu,Atana,Triputa

E Ramuni Nammitino,Vakulabharanam,Triputa

E Tavunara,Kalyani,Adi

Edari Sancharintura,Kantamani,Adi

Edini Bahubala,Darbar,Adi

Eduta Nilichite,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Ehi Trijagadisa,Saranga,Chapu

Ela Deliyalero,Darbar,Chapu

Ela Nidaya,Atana,Adi

Elavataram,Mukhari,Adi

Emanatichchedavo,Sahana,Rupaka

Emani Mataditivo,Todi,Adi

Emani Pogadudura,Viravasantam,Adi

Emani Vegintune,Huseni,Adi

Emi Jesitenemi,Todi,Chapu

Emidova Balkuma,Saranga,Adi

Emineramu,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Emtanuchu,Yadukulakambhoji,Adi

Enati Nomu Phalamo,Bhairavi,Adi

Endaro Mahanubhavulu,Sri Ragam,Adi

Endu Kougalintura,Suddha Desi,Adi

Endudagi Nado,Todi,Chapu

Enduki Chalamu,Sankarabharanam,Triputa

Enduko Baga Teliyadu,Mohanam,Adi

Enduko Nimanasu,Kalyani,Adi

Enduku Dayaradura,Todi,Triputa

Enduku Nirdaya,Harikambhoji,Adi

Endundi Vedalitivo,Darbar,Triputa

Ennado Rakshinchite,Sowrashtra,Adi

Ennadu Jutuno,Kalavati,Adi

Ennaga Manasukurani,Nilambari,Adi

Ennallu Nitrova,Kapi,Chapu

Ennallu Tirigedi,Malavasri,Adi (Words and Meaning)

Ennallu Urake,Pantuvarali,Chapu

Enta Bhagyamu,Saranga,Adi

Enta Vedukontu,Saraswati Manohari,Adi

Entamuddo,Bindumalini,Adi

Entani Ne,Mukhari,Rupaka

Entapapinaiti,Gowlipantu,Chapu

Entarani Tanakenta,Harikambhoji,Adi

Entha Nerchina Entha Juchina,Suddha Dhanyasi,Adi

Entuku Peddalavale,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Epaniko Janminchitinani,Asaveri,Adi

Etavuna Nerchitivo,Yadukulakambhoji,Adi

Eti Janmamidi,Varali,Chapu

Eti Yochanalu Jesetura,Kiranavali,Adi

Etla Dorakitivo,Vasanta,Adi

Etula Brotuvo,Chakravakam,Triputa

Etula Gapaduduvo,Ahiri,Triputa

Etulaina Bhakti,Sama,Chapu

Evaramadugudura,Kalyani,Rupaka

Evarani Nirnayimchirira,Devamritavarshini,Adi

Evarichchirira,Madhyamavati,Adi

Evariena Lera,Siddhasena,Adi

Evarikai Avataram,Devamanohari,Chapu

Evarimata,Kambhoji,Adi

Evarito Nedelpudu,Manavati,Adi

Evaru Teliya Boyyeru,Todi,Rupaka

Evaru Teliyanu,Punnagavarali,Chapu

Evarura Ninuvina,Mohanam,Chapu

Evarunnaru Brova (Words and Meaning)

Evidhamulanaina,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Evvare Ramayya,Gangeyabhushani,Adi

Garavimpa Rada,Ghanta,Rupaka

Gati Nivani,Todi,Adi

Gattiganu Nanu Chai,Begada,Rupaka

Giripai Nelakonna,Sahana,Adi

Giriraja Suta,Bangala,Adi

Gitarthamu,Surati,Adi

Grahabalamemi,Revagupti,Adi

Guruleka,Gowri Manohari,Jhampa

Hari Yanuvani,Todi,Adi

Haridasulu Vedalu,Yamuna Kalyani,Adi

Hechcharikaga,Yadukulakambhoji,Jhampa

I Vasudha,Sahana,Adi

Ide Bhagyamu,Kannada,Triputa

Idi Samayamura,Chaya Nata,Adi

Idiniku Mera Gadura,Punnagavarali,Adi

Ika Gavalasina Demi,Balahamsa,Adi

Ilalo Pranatarti,Atana,Adi

Imemenu Galginanduku,Varali,Adi

Induka Buttinchitivi,Bhairavi,Adi

Induka Ithanuvunu,Mukhari,Chapu

Inka Daya Rakunte,Narayanagowla,Adi

Inka Yochana Aite,Ghanta,Adi

Innalla Vale,Desya Todi,Chapu

Innallu Nanneli,Ghanta,Triputa

Innalu,Narayana Gowla,Chapu

Inta Bhagayamani Nirnayimpa,Punnagavarali,Chapu

Inta Soukhyamani,Kapi,Adi

Inta Tamasamaite,Saveri,Chapu

Intakanna Delpatarama,Saveri,Chapu

Intakanna Yanandamemi,Bilahari,Rupaka

Intanuchu Varnimpa,Gundakriya,Adi

Isa Pahi Mam,Kalyani,Rupaka

Itara Daivamula,Chayatarangini,Rupaka

Ivaraku Juchinati,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Jaya Jaya Sri Raghurama,Gowri,Adi

Je Je Sita Ram,Saveri,Chapu

Jnana Mosagarada,Shadvidhamargini,Rupaka

Kadalu Vadu Gade,Narayanagowla,Adi

Kadanuvariki,Todi,Adi

Kadatera Rada,Todi,Adi

Kalaharana Mela,Suddhasaveri,Rupaka

Kalala Nerchina,Dipaka,Adi

Kaligi Yunte Gade,Kiravani,Adi

Kalinarulaku,Kuntalavarali,Adi

Kaluguna Pada Niraja,Purna Lalita,Adi

Kamalapta Kula,Brindavanasaranga,Adi

Kanakana Ruchira,Varali,Adi

Kanna Talli,Saveri,Adi

Kannatandri Napai,Devamanohari,Adi

Kanta Judumi,Latangi,Adi

Kanugona Soukhyamu,Nayaki,Rupaka

Kanugontini,Bilahari,Adi

Karmame Balavantamaya,Saveri,Chapu

Karubaru Seyuvaru,Mukhari,Adi

Karuna Elagante,Varali,Adi

Karuna Judavamma,Todi,Adi

Karuna Judumayya,Saranga,Adi

Karuna Samudra,Devagandhari,Adi

Karunajaladhe,Nathanamakriya,Adi

Karunajaladhi,Kedara Gowla,Chapu

Karunarasakshaya,Ghanta,Jhampa

Karuvelpulu,Kalyani,Adi

Kasicchede,Gowlipantu,Adi

Kattu Jesinavu,Atana,Adi

Koluvai,Bhairavi,Adi

Koluvaiyunnade,Devagandhari,Adi

Koluvamare Gada,Todi,Adi

Koniyadedu Nayeda,Kokiladhwani,Adi

Kori Sevimparare,Kharaharapriya,Adi

Korivachchitinayya,Bilahari,Adi

Kotinadulu,Todi,Adi

Kripa Juchutaku,Chayatarangini,Adi

Kshinamai Tiruga,Mukhari,Adi

Kshirasagara,Devagandhari,Adi (Video)

Kulabirudu,Devamanohari,Rupaka

Kuvalaya Dala Nayana,Natakuranji,Adi

Lakshanamulu Gala,Suddhasaveri,Adi

Lali Lalayya,Kedara Gowla,Jhampa

Lali Lali Yani,Harikambhoji,Adi

Lali Yugave,Nilambari,Rupaka

Lalite Sri Pravriddhe,Bhairavi,Adi

Lavanya Rama,Rudrapriya,Rupaka

Lekana Ninnu,Asaveri,Adi

Lilaganu Juchu,Divyamani,Adi

Lokavana Chatura,Begada,Adi

Ma Janaki,Kambhoji,Adi

Madilona Yochana,Kolahalam,Adi

Mahita Pravriddha,Kambhoji,Chapu

Makelara Vicharamu,Ravichandrika,Adi

Mamava Raghurama,Saranga,Rupaka

Mamava Satatam,Jaganmohani,Adi

Manamu Leda,Amir Kalyani,Adi

Manasa Etulortune,Malaya Marutam,Rupaka

Manasa Mana Samarthya,Vardhani,Rupaka

Manasa Sri Ramachandruni,Isamanohari,Adi

Manasa Sri Ramuni Dayaleka,Mararanjani,Adi

Manasu Nilpa Sakti,Abhogi,Adi

Manasu Svadhinamaina,Sankarabharanam,Rupaka

Manasu Vishaya Nata,Natakuranji,Adi

Manasuloni Marmamu,Hindolam,Adi

Manavi Nalagincha,Nalinakanthi,Adi

Manavini Vinuma,Jaya Narayani,Adi

Mapala Velasi,Asaveri,Adi

Marachuvadana,Kedara,Adi

Marakata Manivarna,Varali,Adi

Maravakara,Devagandhari,Adi

Mari Mari Ninne,Kambhoji,Adi

Mariyada Gadayya,Bhairavam,Adi

Mariyada Gadura,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Marubalka Kunnavemira,Sri Ranjani,Adi

Marugelara,Jayantasri,Adi (Awesome : Video : M.L. Vasanthakumari)

(Video : Vocal by Priya Sisters) (Video : Violin by Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan) (Video : Nityashree Mahadevan)

Matadavemi,Nilambari,Adi

Mati Matiki Delpavalena,Mohanam,Chapu

Melu Melu,Sowrashtra,Adi

Meluko Dayanidhi,Sowrashtra,Rupaka

Melukovayya,Bhouli,Jhampa

Menu Joochi Mosa,Sarasangi,Adi

Meru Samana Dhira,Mayamalava Gowla,Adi

Mitri Bhagyame,Kharaharapriya,Adi

Mivalla Gunadosha,Kapi,Jhampa

Mohana Rama,Mohanam,Adi

Mokshamu Galada,Saramati,Adi

Mosaboku Vinaye,Gowlipantu,Adi

Muccata Brahmadulaku,Madhyamavati,Adi

Muddu Momu,Suryakantam,Adi

Mummurtulu,Atana,Adi

Mundu Venuka,Darbar,Adi

Munnu Ravana,Todi,Jhampa

Munuppe Teliyaka,Bangala,Adi

Muripemu Galige Gada,Mukhari,Adi

Nada Loludai,Kalyana Vasantam,Rupaka

Nada Sudharasambilanu,Arabhi,Rupaka

Nadachi Nadachi,Kharaharapriya,Adi

Nadadinamata,Janaranjani,Chapu

Nadatanumanisam,Chittaranjini,Adi

Nadopasanache,Begada,Adi

Nadupai Balikeru,Madhyamavati,Jhampa

Nagumomu Galavani,Madhyamavati,Adi (Video)

Nagumomu Ganaleni,Abheri,Adi

Najivadhara,Bilahari,Adi

Nalina Lochana,Madhyamavati,Chapu

Nama Kusumamulache,Sri Ragam,Adi

Nammakane Mosapodu,Asaveri,Rupaka

Nammi Vachchina,Kalyani,Rupaka

Nammina Varini Marachedi,Bhairavi,Adi

Namoralakimpavemi,Devagandhari,Rupaka

Namoralanu Vini,Arabhi,Adi

Nannu Kanna Talli,Kesari,Adi (Video : Vocal by Priya Sisters : Temple)

Nannu Vidachi,Ritigowla,Chapu (vocal by Maharajapuram Santhanam)

Nannubrova,Abhogi,Adi

Nanu brovakanu,Sankarabharanam,Triputa

Nanu Palimpa,Mohanam,Adi

Napali Sri Rama,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Narada Ganalola,Atana,Rupaka

Naradaguruswami,Darbar,Adi

Narayana Hari,Yamuna Kalyani,Adi

Narsimha Nannu,Bilahari,Triputa

Natha Brovave,Bhairavi,Adi

Nati Mata Marachitivo,Devakriya,Adi

Nayeda Vanchana Seyakura,Nabhomani,Adi

Ne Morabettite,Rupavati,Triputa

Nee Daya Galgute,Ritigowla,Adi

Nenarunchera Napaini,Simhavahini,Adi

Nenarunchinanu,Malavi,Adi

Nenendu Vetukudura,Harikambhoji,Adi

Nepogadakunte,Desya Todi,Jhampa

Nerama Rama Rama,Sowrashtra,Adi

Ni Chittamu Na Bhagyamu,Vijayavasantam,Adi

Ni Chittamu Nischalamu,Dhanyasi,Chapu

Ni Dayache Rama,Yadukulakambhoji,Adi

Ni Muddu Momu,Kamala Manohari,Adi

Ni Namarupamulaku,Sowrashtra,Adi

Ni Vada Negana,Saranga,Jhampa

Ni Vera Kula Dhanamu,Begada,Chapu

Nibhajana Gana,Nayaki,Adi

Nibhakti Bhagya,Jayamanohari,Rupaka (Words and Meaning)

Nidasanu Dasu,Amir Kalyani,Adi

Nidaya Rada,Vasanta Bhairavi,Rupaka

Nidayache Rama Nityanandu,Yadukulakambhoji,Adi

Nidayaya Ravalegaka,Todi,Adi

Nidhi Chala Sukhama,Kalyani,Chapu

Nijamarmamulanu,Umabharanam,Adi

Nijamuga Nimahimalu,Sahana,Adi

Nike Daya Raka,Nilambari,Triputa

Nike Teliyakapote,Anandabhairavi,Adi

Nikevari Bodhana,Suddhasaveri,Adi

Niku Tanaku,Begada,Triputa

Ninnada Nela,Kannada,Adi

Ninnanavalasina,Kalyani,Chapu

Ninne Bhajana,Natai,Adi

Ninne Nera Namminanu,Arabhi,Chapu

Ninne Nera Namminanura,Pantuvarali,Rupaka

Ninnubasi,Balahamsa,Adi

Ninnuvina Namadi Endu,Navarasa Kannada,Rupaka

Ninnuvina Sukhamugana,Todi,Rupaka

Nipada Pankajamule,Begada,Adi

Nityarupa Evari,Kapi,Rupaka

Nivanti Daivamu,Bhairavi,Adi

Nivanti Daivamu,Todi,Adi

Nive Nanneda Jesite,Sowrashtra,Chapu

Nivegani Nannu,Bilahari,Chapu

Nivu Brovavale,Saveri,Adi

Noaremi Sri Rama,Varali,Adi

Nrupalavala,Nadavarangini,Adi

Oh Jaganatha,Kedara Gowla,Adi

Oh Rajivaksha,Arabhi,Chapu

Oh Rama Oh Rama Omkaradhama,Arabhi,Adi

Oh Rama Rama,Naga Gandhari,Chapu

Oh Ramaramana,Kedara,Adi

Oh Ranga Sayi,Kambhoji,Adi

Okamata Yokabanamu,Harikambhoji,Rupaka

Okapari Judaga Rada,Kalavati,Adi

Orajupu,Kannadagowla,Adi

Orulanaduko,Suddhasaveri,Adi

Padavi Ni Sadbhaktiyu,Salaga Bhairavi,Adi

Pahi Kalyana Sundara,Punnagavarali,Chapu

Pahi Mam Hare,Sowrashtra,Rupaka

Pahi Mam Sri Ramachandra,Kapi,Jhampa

Pahi Paramatma,Varali,Adi

Pahi Rama Duta,Vasanta Varali,Rupaka

Pahi Rama Rama Yanuchu,Kharaharapriya,Thisra Laghu

Pahi Rama Ramana,Varali,Adi

Pahi Ramachandra Raghava,Yadukulakambhoji,Thisra Laghu

Pakkala Nilabadi,Kharaharapriya,Triputa

Palintuvo Palimpavo,Kantamani,Adi

Palukavemi Na Daivama,Purnachandrika,Adi

Palukavemi Patitapavana,Arabhi,Thisra Laghu

Paluku Kanda Chakkeranu,Navarasakannada,Adi

Paluku Kandachakkeranu,Navarasa Kannada,Adi

Para Loka Bhayamu,Mandari,Adi

Paraku Nikelara Rama,Kiranavali,Adi

Paraloka Sadhaname,Purvikalyani,Adi

Paramatmudu,Vagadhiswari,Adi

Parasakti Manuparada,Saveri,Adi

Paripalaya Paripalaya,Ritigowla,Adi

Paripurna Kama,Purvikalyani,Rupaka

Paritapamu Gani,Manohari,Rupaka (Words and Meaning) (Vocal by O S Thyagarajan)

Pariyachakama Mata,Vanaspati,Rupaka

Paruku Jesina,Jujahuli,Adi

Patiki Harati,Surati,Adi

Pattividuva Radu,Manjari,Adi (Words and Meaning)

Prananata Birana,Sulini,Adi

Prarabdhamittundaga,Swaravali,Jhampa

Proddupoyyenu,Todi,Chapu

Pula Panpu Mida,Ahiri,Thisra Laghu

Raga Ratna Malika,Ritigowla,Rupaka

Ragasudharasa,Andolika,Adi (Words and Meaning)

Raghunandana Rajamohana,Suddha Desi,Adi

Raghunayaka,Hamsadhwani,Adi

Raghuvara Nannu,Pantuvarali,Adi

Raghuvira Randhira,Kharaharapriya,Rupaka

Rahi Kalyanarama,Kapi,Adi

Raju Vedale,Desya Todi,Rupaka

Raka Sasi Vadana,Takka,Adi

Raksha Bettare,Bhairavi,Adi

Rama Bana Trana,Saveri,Adi

Rama Daivama,Surati,Rupaka

Rama Eva Daivatam,Balahamsa,Rupaka

Rama Katha Sudha,Madhyamavati,Adi

Rama Kodanda Rama,Bhairavi,Adi

Rama Kodanda Rama Pahi,Kharaharapriya,Chapu

Rama Lobhamela,Darbar,Adi

Rama Namam Bhajare,Madhyamavati,Adi

Rama Ni Samana,Kharaharapriya,Rupaka

Rama Ni Vadu Konduvo,Kalyani,Adi

Rama Ninne Namminanu,Huseni,Adi

Rama Ninnu Vina,Sankarabharanam,Rupaka

Rama Ninu Namminanu,Mohanam,Adi

Rama Nipai Tanaku,Kedaram,Adi

Rama Nivegani,Narayani,Adi

Rama Niyeda Prema,Kharaharapriya,Adi

Rama Pahi Meghasyama,Kapi,Chapu

Rama Raghukula Jalanidhi,Kapi,Rupaka

Rama Rama Nivaramugama,Anandabhairavi,Adi

Rama Rama Rama,Mohanam,Chapu

Rama Rama Rama,Sahana,Chapu

Rama Rama Rama Napai,Kalyani,Chapu

Rama Rama Rama Sita,Huseni,Rupaka

Rama Rama Ramachandra,Ghanta,Jhampa

Rama Ramakrishna,Gowlipantu,Adi

Rama Ramana,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Rama Ramana,Vasanta Bhairavi,Adi

Rama Samayamu Brovara,Madhyamavati,Adi

Rama Sitarama,Balahamsa,Adi

Rama Sitarama,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Rama Sri Rama,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Ramabhakti Samrajyame,Suddha Bangala,Adi

Ramabhi Rama,Dhanyasi,Adi

Ramabhirama,Saveri,Jhampa

Ramabhirama Ramaniya Nama,Darbar,Chapu

Ramachandra Nidaya,Surati,Adi

Ramanannu Brovara,Harikambhoji,Rupaka

Raminchuvarevaru,Suposhini,Rupaka

Ranidi Radu,Manirangu,Adi (Words and Meaning)

Rara Mayintidaka,Asaveri,Adi (Vocal by Dr. M. BalaMuraliKrishna)

Rara Nannelukora,Sowrashtra,Chapu

Rara Raghuvira,Atana,Adi

Rara Sita,Hindola Vasantam,Rupaka

Rukalu Padivelu,Desya Todi,Adi

Sadhinchene,Arabhi,Adi (Video)

Saketa Niketana,Kannada,Rupaka

Sakshi Ledanuchu,Bangala,Adi

Samaja Varagamana,Hindolam,Adi (Saxophone) (Vocal by Yesudas)

Samayamu Delisi,Asaveri,Chapu

Samayamu Emarake,Kalgada,Adi

Sambho Mahadeva,Pantuvarali,Rupaka

Samiki Sari,Begada,Rupaka

Samsarulaite,Saveri,Adi

Samukhana Nilva,Kokilavarali,Adi

Sanatana Paramapavana,Phalamanjari,Adi

Sandehamunu,Ramapriya,Adi

Sangita Gnanamu,Dhanyasi,Adi

Sangita Sastra Gnanamu,Salaga Bhairavi,Adi

Santamu Leka,Sama,Adi

Saramegani,Pantuvarali,Chapu

Sarasa Sama Dana,Kapinarayani,Adi

Sarasara Samaraika,Kuntalavarali,Adi

Sarasiru Nayana,Bilahari,Chapu

Sarasiruhanana,Mukhari,Adi

Sari Vedalina,Asaveri,Adi

Sarijesi Veduka,Tivravahini,Adi

Sarivarilona,Bhinna Shadja,Adi

Sariyevvare Sri Janaki,Sri Ranjani,Adi

Sarvabhauma,Ragapanjaram,Adi

Sarvaloka Dayanidhe,Huseni,Thisra Laghu

Sarvantaryami,Bhairavi,Adi

Sasivadana Bhakta,Chandrajyoti,Adi

Sattaleni Dinamu,Naganandini,Adi

Siggumaali Navaledara,Kedara Gowla,Adi

Sita Kalyana Vaibhogame (Video : Its an utsava sampradāya kriti of tyāgarāja in sanskrit)

Sita Manohara,Rama Manohari,Adi

Sita Nayaka,Ritigowla,Chapu

Sitamma Mayamma, Sri Ramudu Maaku Thandri, Vasantha, Rupaka (Words, Meaning, Audio)

Sitapati,Khamas,Adi

Sitavara Sangita,Devagandhari,Adi

Siva Siva Siva Yanarada,Pantuvarali,Adi

Sive Pahimam Ambike,Kalyani,Adi

Smarane Sukhamu,Janaranjani,Adi

Sobhillu Saptasvara,Jaganmohini,Rupaka

Sogasu Juda Tarama,Kannadagowla,Adi

Sogasuga Mridanga,Sri Ranjani,Rupaka

Sri Ganapatini,Sowrashtra,Adi

Sri Janakatanaye,Kalakanti,Adi

Sri Janaki Manohari,Isamanohari,Adi

Sri Kanta Niyada,Bhavapriya,Adi

Sri Manini Manohara,Purnashadjam,Adi

Sri Narada Muni,Bhairavi,Adi

Sri Narada Nada,Kannada,Rupaka

Sri Raghuvara,Bhairavi,Adi

Sri Raghuvara,Bhairavi,Adi

Sri Rama Dasa Dasoham,Dhanyasi,Chapu

Sri Rama Jaya Rama,Varali,Chapu

Sri Rama Jayarama,Madhyamavati,Adi

Sri Rama Padama,Amritavahini,Adi

Sri Rama Raghurama,Yadukulakambhoji,Jhampa

Sri Rama Rama,Gopikavasantam,Adi

Sri Rama Rama,Purnachandrika,Jhampa

Sri Rama Rama,Saveri,Adi

Sri Rama Ramasritulamu Gama,Saveri,Chapu

Sri Rama Sri Rama Jayarama,Varali,Adi

Sri Rama Sri Rama Sri Manoharama,Sahana,Adi

Sri Ramachandra,Saveri,Adi

Sri Ramya Cittalankara (Words and Meaning)

Sri Tulasamma Mayinta,Devagandhari,Adi

Sripapriya,Atana,Adi

Sripare Nipada,Nagaswaravali,Adi

Sudha Madhurya,Sindhuramakriya,Adi

Sugunamule,Chakravakam,Rupaka

Sukhi Yevaro,Kannada,Adi

Sundara Dasaratha,Kapi,Adi

Sundareswaruni,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Sundari Nannindarilo,Begada,Rupaka

Sundari Ni Divya,Kalyani,Adi

Sundari Ninu Varnimpa,Arabhi,Chapu

Swararagasudha,Sankarabharanam,Adi

Syama Sundara,Dhanyasi,Rupaka

Talachi Nantane,Mukhari,Adi

Tallidandrulu,Balahamsa,Adi

Tanalone Dhyaninchi,Devagandhari,Adi

Tanamidane,Bhushavali,Adi

Tanavari Tanamu,Begada,Adi

Tanayuni Brova,Bhairavi,Adi

Tappagane Vachchuna,Suddha Bangala,Rupaka

Tappi Bratiki,Todi,Rupaka

Tatva Meruga,Garudadhwani,Rupaka

Tava Dasoham,Punnagavarali,Adi

Telisi Ramachintanato,Purnachandrika,Adi

Teliyaleru,Dhenuka,Adi (Vocal by Ranganatha Sarma) (Words and Meaning)

Tera Tiyaga Rada,Gowlipantu,Adi (Vocal by Ranjani Gayathri)

Tiruna Naloni Dugdha,Saveri,Jhampa

Toli Janmamu,Bilahari,Jhampa

Toli Nenu Jesina,Kokiladhwani,Adi

Toline Jesina Pujaphalamu,Suddha Bangala,Adi

Tulasi Bilwa,Kedara Gowla,Adi

Tulasi Dalamulache,Mayamalava Gowla,Rupaka

Tulasi Jagat Janani,Saveri,Rupaka

Undedi Ramudu Okadu,Harikambhoji,Rupaka

Upacharamu Jesevaru,Bhairavi,Rupaka

Upacharamulanu Chekonavayya,Bhairavi,Adi

Urake Galguna,Sahana,Chapu

Uyyala,Nilambari,Jhampa

Vachama Gocharame,Kaikavasi,Adi

Vachchunu Hari,Kalyani,Adi

Vaddanundunade,Varali,Chapu

Vadera Daivamu,Pantuvarali,Adi

Vallagadanaka,Sankarabharanam,Rupaka

Vandanamu Raghunandana,Sahana,Adi

Vara Narada,Vijaya Sri,Adi

Varadaraja,Swarabhushani,Rupaka

Varalandukommani,Ghurjari,Adi

Vararagalaya,Chenchukambhoji,Adi

Varasikhi Vahana,Supradipa,Adi

Varijanayana,Kedara Gowla,Adi

Venkatesa Ninu,Madhyamavati,Adi

Verevvare,Surati,Adi

Vidajaladura,Janaranjani,Adi

Vidamu Seyave,Kharaharapriya,Adi

Vidhi Sakradulaku,Yamuna Kalyani,Rupaka

Vidulaku,Mayamalava Gowla,Adi

Vinanasakoni,Pratapavarali,Adi

Vinarada,Devagandhari,Adi

Vinatasuta,Huseni,Adi (Words and Meaning)

Vinatasutavahana,Jayantasena,Adi

Vinave Omanasa,Vivardhani,Rupaka

Vinayakuni Valenu,Madhyamavati,Adi

Vinayamunanu,Sowrashtra,Chapu

Viraja Turaga,Balahamsa,Adi

Yagnadulu,Jayamanohari,Adi (Words and Meaning)

Yemandune,Srimani,Adi

Yochana Kamala Lochana,Darbar,Adi

Yuktamugadu,Sri Ragam,Adi”

List of Vinta Ragas : (Sources)

Vinta ragas (or vichitra ragas) are ragas Sri Thyagaraja has given us. There is no evidence of existence of these before Sri Thyagaraja’s times. Either he created them or he got a clue about them from Svararnava or raga lexicons like Vyasakatakam or Hanumathkatakam. There are about 82-83 such ragas:

  1. shrImaNi (EmandunE vicitramunu)
  2. rasALi (aparAdhamula nOrva)
  3. shuddhasImantini (jAnakI ramaNa)
  4. vardhani (manasa mana)
  5. kalakaNThi (shrI janaka tanayE)
  6. sindhurAmakriyA (dEvAdi dEva & sudhA mAdhUrya)
  7. jaganmOhini (shObillu saptasvara & mAmava satatam, which is in Sanskrit)
  8. malayamArutam (manasA eTulOrtunE)
  9. bindumAlini (entamuddO)
  10. bhairavam (mariyAda gAdaiyya)
  11. supradIpam (varashikhi vAhana)
  12. cittaranjani (nAda tanumanisham)
  13. pUrNalalitA (kalugunA pada)
  14. kokilavarALi (samukhana nilva)
  15. hindOLavasantA (rAra sItA ramaNI manOhara)
  16. amritavAhini (shrI rAma pAdamA)
  17. AbhEri (nagumOmu ganalEni)
  18. jayantashrI (marugElarA)
  19. jingaLA (anAthuDanu gAnu)
  20. sAramati (mOkSamu galadA)
  21. kalAnidhi (cinna nADE nA)
  22. kalyANavasantam (nAdalOluDai)
  23. jayanArAyAni (manavini vinumA)
  24. AbhOgi (manasu nilpa, nannu brOva etc)
  25. mArgahindOLam (calamElarA sAkEtarAmA)
  26. jayantasEnA (vinatA suta vAhana)
  27. phalamanjari (sanAtanA parama pAvana)
  28. dEvakriyA (nATi mATa)
  29. jayamanOhari (yajnAdulu sukhamanu)
  30. pUrNashaDjam (lAvaNya rAmA)
  31. dilIpakam (rAmA nIyeDa)
  32. nAdatarangiNi (kripAlavAla)
  33. manOhari (paritApamu gani)
  34. AndOlikA (rAga sudhArasa)
  35. manjari (paTTi viDuva)
  36. dEvAmrutavarshini (evarani)
  37. suddhabangALa (rAma bhakti sAmrAjyam)
  38. svarabhUshani (varadarAja ninnu)
  39. siddhasEnA (evaraina lErA)
  40. naLinakAnti (manavi nAlaginca rAdaTE)
  41. simhavAhini (nenaruncarA)
  42. rAgapanjaram (sArvabhauma sAkEta rAma)
  43. AndALi (abhimAnamu lEdEmi)
  44. phalaranjani (shrI narasimha)
  45. nArAyaNi (bhajana sEyu mArgamunu)
  46. umAbharaNam (nija marmamulanu)
  47. kApinArAyaNi (sarasa sAma dAna)
  48. kuntalavarALi (centanE sadA yuncukOvayyA, shara shara samaraika)
  49. kOkiladhwani (koniyADEDu)
  50. cencukAmbOji (vara rAga)
  51. chAyAtarangiNi (krupa jUcuTaku)
  52. navarasakannaDA (paluku kaNDa, ninnu vinA nAmadi)
  53. pratApavarALi (vina nAshakoni)
  54. bahudAri (brOva bhAramA)
  55. kEsari (nannukanna talli)
  56. ravicandrikA (niravadhi sukhada)
  57. saraswatImanOhari (enta vEDukondu)
  58. nAgasvarAvaLi (shrIpatE nIpada)
  59. svarAvaLi (prArabdha miTTuNDaga)
  60. karnATakabehAg (nEnendu)
  61. supOshini (ramincu vArevarurA)
  62. jUjAhULi (parAku jEsina)
  63. janaranjani (viDajAladurA, smaraNE sukhamu)
  64. kOlAhalam (madilOna yOcana)
  65. garuDadhwani (tatvameruga taramA)
  66. vivardhani (vinavE O manasA)
  67. bangALA (girirAja sutA)
  68. gambhIravANi (sadAmadin dalatu)
  69. chhAyAnATa (idi samayamurA)
  70. gAnavAridhi (daya jUcuTa)
  71. candrajyOti (shashi vadana, bAgAyanayya)
  72. vijayashrI (vara nArada)
  73. dundubhi (lIlagAnu jUcu)
  74. dIpakam (kaLala nErcina)
  75. tIvravAhini (sarijEsi vEDuka)
  76. jIvantini (nI cittamu)
  77. ranjani (durmArga carAdhamulanu)
  78. shrutiranjani (EdAri sancarinturA)
  79. kaikavasi (vAcAmagOcaramE)
  80. hamsanAdham (baNTu rIti)
  81. bhUshAvaLi (tanamIda nE)
  82. saraswati (anurAgamu lEni)

Even if we have the scale of a raga, it is not easy to compose songs that will stay on for generations. Sri Thyagaraja’s greatness lies in composing songs in all these ragas and making them immortal. He gives the special sancAram of a raga in the opening lines of many of the songs. Names like kuntalavarATi, pratApavarATi, cakravAki exist in earlier works but we do not have any evidence of their being similar to the corresponding ragas we know today. His compositions in vinta ragas created a stir in his days. Many of them are popular even today.

Vinta ragas are janya ragas. There are also mElakartA rAgAs in which Thyagaraja was arguably the first to compose, to show the melodic richness and possibilities and to give the raga itself an identity. Some examples are dhEnukA, vakuLAbharaNam, cakravAkam, sUryakAntam, jhankAradhvani, kIravANi, kharaharapriyA, gaurimanOhari, sarasAngi, vAgadIshwari etc.

Musicians of his time used to go to Thyagaraja’s place to listen to these songs. Thyagaraja’s disciples would sing these songs during practice sessions in the afternoon or in the morning unchavritti bhajans or the ekAdashi bhajans. His disciples need to be thanked for preserving these songs for posterity. They wrote the notations for the songs. Special mention must be made of Walajahpet Venkataramana Bhagavathar who used to rush home after learning a song and write it down.

Sri Thyagaraja himself gives the name “vinta rAgAs” to these rAgAs in his songs “mitri bhAgyamE” in kharaharapriyA and “muccaTa brahmAdulaku” in madhyamAvati. He says “vinta rAgamulanAlApamu sEyaga mEnu pulakarincaga” and “bhAgavatulu hari nAma kIrtanamu bAguga susvaramulatO vinta rAgamulanu AlApamu cEyu“. He doesn’t even ask us to sing his songs in vinta rAgAs but to just do Alapana in these.”

Family Tree of Thyagaraja Swamy provided by Sri V. Ramaswamy :

THYAGARAJA FAMILY TREE

THYAGARAJA FAMILY TREE 2

Sri V. Ramaswamy Writes :

“Incidentally I may mention that the descendant Smt.  M.S. Padma is my wife
and A grade artiste of All India Radio. She is 73 years old now.
She tells me that Saramay Gani in Panthuvarali is sung by Maharajapuram
Viswanatha Iyer and his sons ( as a paramapara)  in
Adi thala. But the original was in Misra chapu as taught  by her father .
Original thala is  Misra chapu and is listed as such in books by
Shri T.S. Parathasarathy and Shri Rangaramunujam.

 

Her father  Shri Madura Subrahmanya Iyer was the Guru of Shri G.N. Bala-
subramaniam.  He was basically a violin vidwan – a contemporary of
Tiger Varadachariar  in Annamalai  University as a professor of violin
and with Prof. Sambamurthy in Madras University.
With the starting of Kalakshetra he was associated with Tiger Varadachariar.
when  S/S M.D. Ramanathan , T. Pasupathy. BV Raman and BV Lakshman
were students there.He was also a member of the expert committee of
Music Academy.
Smt. M.S. Padma’s  brother Shri M.S. Sadasivam (82 years old) is also a vocalist of All India Radio and also worked as Asst. Station  Director of All India Radio.

I thought I would just inform you about these details .  The musical  tradition still runs in the family.”

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved: Satya Sarada Kandula.

All Rights For Sourced Material Vest with the Source.


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