Viswakarma, Nala, Purochana – Architects and Engineers

Viswakarma : Photo Credit : Satya Sarada Kandula : All Rights Reserved

Viswakarma Deva, was an architect of the Devas.

Work :

  • He planned and designed at least these 3 cities – Amaravathi, where Indra and the Devas lived., and again, Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas and Dwaraka Nagara (City) for Krishna.
  • I am told that he also built Sudama’s palace.
  • Viswakarma made the golden wreath, that Siva put on Skanda’s head.
  • He also made the famous Sudarshana Chakra, Sri Krishna’s discus with boomeranging capability.
  • A Vaishnava (belonging to Vishnu) bow, great and divine, adorned by gold and diamonds, was made by Viswakarma.

Descendants :

To the people of the Viswakarma jathi, he is the Eternal God, who made the entire creation.  In Sanskrit Viswakarma can also mean the creator of the universe. The Viswakarmas refer to themselves as Viswakarma Brahmans, and  believe they are descended from him. Traditionally, they specialised in skilled engineering metal work like gold smithy all the way to pottery making out of mud and clay. In modern times there is no such restriction and people from all castes become engineers. Srimath Virat Pothuluri Veera Brahmendra Swamy, born in the Viswakarma community, with a deeply philosophical outlook  has made several predictions of the future. He is said to have shared this mantram with his devotees. (AUM HREEM KLEEM SREEM SIVAIAH BRAHMANENAMAHA)

See : Descendants of Viswakarma follow an ancient process also used in the Sindhu valley Civilization to sculpt divine images.

Celebrations :

Vishwakarma Puja is celebrated on Kanya Sankranti day which comes after Ganeshotsav. All of the engineering and architectural community celebrate this day and worship Him. Craftsmen worship their tools in His name. He is provides excellence and quality in work and blessing for proper working of machinery and tools. Though the festival is mainly celebrated in factories and industries with much grandeur, there is a tradition of celebrating it in some engineering colleges’ laboratories and workshops also.” (This year it will be celebrated on 17th September 2009)

Lineage :

“And the sister of Brihaspati, the first of women, uttering the sacred truth, engaged in ascetic penances, roamed over the whole earth; and she became the wife of Prabhasa, the eighth Vasu. And she brought forth the illustrious Viswakarman, the founder of all arts. And he was the originator of a thousand arts, the engineer of the immortals, the maker of all kinds of ornaments, and the first of artists. And he it was who constructed the celestial cars of the gods, and mankind are enabled to live in consequence of the inventions of that illustrious one. And he is worshipped, for that reason, by men. And he is eternal and immutable, this Viswakarman.” from Sambhava Parva, Mahabharata. The 8 vasus, were the sons of Prajapati, who were the sons of Manu, who was the son of Brahma. This makes Viswakarma the great grandson of Brahma and the nephew of Brihaspati, and the first cousin of Kesari, Hanuman’s father.

Viswakarma’s son, Nala built the Rama Sethu, the bridge from Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu to Mannar, Sri Lanka, at Sri Rama’s request. Rama and Vyasa called this the Nala Sethu. Nala was a second cousin of Hanuman, through his father Kesari.

The engineer who built the palace of wax for Duryodhana is Purochana.

MrDonn says about Harappan cities: “What is amazing is that it appears the Harappan cities did not develop slowly, which suggests that whoever built these cities learned to do so in another place. As the Indus flooded, cities were rebuilt on top of each other. Archaeologists have discovered several different cities, one built over the other, each built a little less skillfully. The most skillful was on bottom. It would appear that builders grew less able or less interested in perfection over time. Still, each city is a marvel, and each greatly advanced for its time.”

The Trouble with finding ancient cities built by Viswakarma: (See also : Modern Sinking Cities)

Modern India, literally lives on top of her history. Indraprastha was located on the banks of the River Yamuna. Most ancient settlements, janapadas, nagaras (cities), were located near rivers, lakes (keres) or other sources of fresh water. There were cases where kings had the rivers diverted – Balarama, the elder brother of Sri Krishna changed the course of the Yamuna River. Amaravathi is on the banks of the Krishna river – in later times, Buddhists lived there, and again the place went back to the Saivates. Cities were built in certain locations, because the conditions there, were right for living. The same locations were fought over by different communities over time and gradually the most ancient of the cities are remembered only in legends. It is hard to dig up Indraprastha because that is the capital of India today and it is called Delhi. But, recent excavations near the Old Fort, Delhi have revealed a fine gray earthenware.

(An Ancient Hanuman temple from the Pandava Age survives till today. It is situated near Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, near Janthar Mandir. The reason it was not destroyed by the Muslim invaders, is because there is the symbol of the crescent moon on the Vimana.)