Adityas : As per the Linga Purana : Aditi’s sons were the twelve Adityas, named Indra, Dhata, Bhaga, Tvashta, Mitra, Varuna, Aryama, Vivasvan, Savita, Pusha, Amshuman and Vishnu. Vivasvan is father of Vaivaswatha Manu. Bhaga, Mitra, Savita, Pusha, Vivaswan and Amshuman are sometimes taken to be the names of Surya Deva. Dhata is sometimes used as a name of Brahma. Tvastha and Indra also appear in Parsi sacred texts.
Our legends also tell us that Kasyapa had 13 wives and all of them were Daksha‘s daughters. Aditi’s children were the Adityas, Diti’s children were the Daityas, Danu’s children were the Danavas, Manu’s children were the manavas… and so on. Even the rakshasas, nagas, Jatayu, Garuda (and other birds) are all Kasyapa’s descendants by his other wives. It is thus suggested to us that all in the animate world are the children of ‘The one who sees”.
As per Prof. P.L. Bhargava, the number of Adityas varies in different sukthas and mandala of the Rg Veda :
- Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman (1, 136.3 ; 7, 40.4, 8;7,51.2;7, 60.4 and 5; 8,47.9; 8,67.2;)
- In 8,52.7, Indra is called the 4th Aditya In 2, 27 Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman and Indra are mentioned together in many mantras.
- Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Tuvijata, Varuna, Daksha and Amsa in 2, 27.1
- Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman, Indra, Savita in some sukthas
- In 10, 72.8 it is said that Aditi had 7 sons first and then the 8th son Marthanda later. Marthanda which means “born from a dead egg” refers to our sun which is a second generation star.
by Satya Sarada Kandula