What follows is a general idea of when you can see which phase of the moon and in which direction, (@bengaLuru, 12.97 deg N)
The full moon can be seen from Sunset to Sunrise. (Approx 12 hours)
The new moon cannot be seen. (0 hours)
The waxing moon (śukla pakSa candra) can be seen from Sunset to Moonset. (West)
The waning moon (kRSNa pakSa candra) can be seen from Moonrise to Sunrise. (East)
The kRSNa-aSTami candra can be seen from Local Midnight to Sunrise. (East) .(Approx 6 hours)
The śukla-aSTami candra can be seen from Sunset to Local Midnight. (West). (Approx 6 hours)
The śukla-caturthi candra can be seen from sunset to about 9 pm local time.
Source for tables below :
|1st quarter||Local noon||Local midnight|
|3rd quarter||Local midnight||Local noon|
|Season||Postion of Moonrise/set|
How far to the north and south?
The sun’s N-S swing, in degrees at Sunrise and Sunset depends on the latitude of the place. The Latitude of Bangalore is 12.97 deg, so the Sun’s amplitude is 24 deg.
Source : “The angular difference between the direction of sunrise and due east, and the direction of sunset and due west is called the sun’s amplitude. The sun’s maximum amplitude is seen on each June and December solstice. The exact maximum amplitude depends on your latitude. The farther north you go in the northern hemisphere or the farther south you go in the southern hemisphere, the greater is the sun’s maximum amplitude. The following table gives the sun’s maximum amplitude for several latitudes:
|Degrees of Latitude
(North or South)
|Sun’s Maximum Amplitude