The word “Anarya” used in Bhagavad Gita (Mahabharata)

The story so far :

Aryans : I was always my impression that Kalidasa was among the first to use the word anArya. See Anarya! Dushyantha, Sri Rama, Sri Krishna. Then I found the word arya meaning compassionate in the Rg Veda. See The word arya in the Rg Veda : RV_04.026.02.1 : Gautamo Vamadeva Rshi. I also realised that arya and Arya (aarya) were 2 different words. Based on the records of the Bhavishya  Purana and based on the way in which the meaning of the word dora changed in telugu from master to white man to foreigner I proposed that  The word arya in the Veda, did not refer to “Indo European – Aryans”. Then I found that Both the words arya and aarya (Arya) are used in Rig Veda, 10th Mandala, 86th Suktham, and the rishi is no less than Indra himself.  It does appear at first glance that there were Aryans at the time of this mantra of the Rg Veda and that Indra favoured them over the dAsAs. In the Athrava Veda one of the mantras refers to young aryaman, with locks on his forehead, as someone who helps young men and women find the right match. (See : Atharva Veda : The First Veda : The Brahma Veda : atharvan, angIrA and brahmA were among the rishis.)

Tulasi Dala : Photo Credit : Satya Sarada Kandula : All Rights Reserved

This Episode :

The second line of the second verse of the second adhyaya (sAnkhyA yOga) of the Srimad Bhagavad Gita , begins with the word anArya.

The speaker is non other than Sri Krishna himself and Arjuna is at the receiving end.

Arjuna has described at great length in the first adhyaya – arjuna viSAda yOga, how miserable and unhappy he is that he has to fight his own grandfather Bhishma and his guru Drona, for the sake of Dharma.

Then madhusUdana (Sri Krishna), addresses him as follows, “Why has this difficult state come (to you)?” ” That state is kalmaSam, anAryajuSTam, asvargyam, akIrtikaram.” Then in the next verse he advises him, “Don’t go the kshudram state of klaibyam and give up your hRdaya dourbalyam”.

From these verses I get the sense that anArya-juStam is an abstract noun just like akIrtikaram (leading to infamy), asvargyam (not leading to heaven) and so on.

As per the dictionary, anArya juSTam is a state thats is acceptable or pleasing to the dishonourable.

1 anArya mfn. not honourable or respectable , vulgar , inferior ; destitute of A1ryas ; m. not an A1rya. Source
1 juSTa mfn. (%{-STa4} RV. ix , 42 , 2 AV. and in later language Pa1n2. 6-1 , 209f.) pleased , propitious RV. ix , 42 , 2 ; liked , wished , loved , welcome , agreeable , usual (cf. Pa1n2. 3-2 , 188 Ka1r. ; with dat. or gen. , rarely instr.) RV. AV. S3Br. &c. ; frequented , visited , inhabited MBh. R. BhP. ; swept over (by the wind) Hariv. 6984 ; afflicted by (instr. or in comp.) Sus3r. ; served , obliged , worshipped W. ; practised W. ; furnished with , possessed of (instr. or in comp.) R. iii BhP. ; n. the remnants of a meal L. ; cf. %{a4-}. Source

Special Note : The use of the name madhusUdana for Sri Krishna :

Madhu was killed either by Vishnu or by Devi. To address Sri Krishna as Madhusudana implies that the author of that verse has already accepted that Sri Krishna was an incarnation of Vishnu. More on this topic later. (See also : Gita : Vyasa or Sri Krishna and Arjuna : Did Ancient Indians talk to each other in poetry?)

1 madhusUdana m. `” destroyer of honey “‘ , a bee L. ; `” destroyer of the demon Madhu “‘N. of Vishn2u-Kr2ishn2a MBh Source

Sri Krishnaarpanam.

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula


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