Tag Archives: Adi Sankara

viSNu sahasranAma (5): The fourth question: Who should be worshipped?

As explained by Adi s’ankarAcArya ViSNu sahasranAma addresses six questions.

The fourth question is “कं अर्चन्तः प्राप्नुयुः मानवाः शुभं? Who should be worshiped for persons to attain good?”

The fifth s’lOka addresses this question.

तं एव च अर्चयन् नित्यं भक्त्या पुरुषम् अव्ययम् I

ध्यायन् स्तुवन् नमस्यन च यजमानः तं एव च II5II

  • यजमानः – yajamAna – the one who worships, the one who performs the yagnyam.
  • अर्चयन् – arcayan – should worship
  • तं – tam –  him, that
  • पुरुषम् अव्ययम् – the unchanging puruSa
  • एव – Eva – only, alone
  • नित्यं – all the time
  •  भक्त्या – bhaktyA – with devotion

The yajamAna should worship that unchanging puruSa alone, all the time and with devotion.

  • च – ca – and
  • (the yajamAna)
  • ध्यायन् – dhyAyan – should worship internally
  • स्तुवन् – stuvan – should praise – with the thousand names as discussed previously
  • नमस्यन – namasyan – should offer namah.
  • तं एव – to him  (the avyaya purusa) alone
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